Makeup 101: Foundation

Foundation is always a game of chance. Especially if you buy online and if you’re a dark skinned girl like me.

Which shade should I choose? Will it match to my skin tone? Is it suitable for my skin type? Is it long lasting, or does it cake?

These are just a few of thoughts that I make every time I try to buy foundations online.
And we know that the foundation is a humble but strong base for most makeup looks, so choosing one is probably one of the most stressful choices to make for some of us!
So, let’s get to the point.

Foundation types

There are several types of foundation out there. The word “foundation” actually means “base” or “beginning” so it doesn’t specifically have to be a foundation product. These are popular in K-Beauty as foundations:
• Foundation
• BB Cream
• CC Cream

The difference between them is as follows:


The good old reliable buddy of the makeup desk. It’s fluid, generally has good coverage and can be applied in many ways such as with your fingers, a brush, with a cushion or with a beauty puff/blender.
I recommend:

BB Cream

BB Cream is a favorite among the K-Beauty community, and for a very good reason. BB means “blemish balm” or “beauty balm” and is a bit of an all-in-one product. It has the nourishing power of a skincare product, the coverage of a foundation, and the sun protection of an SPF. Some like to just use this as their foundation if the coverage is enough.
I recommend:

CC Cream

CC Cream is a product that is similar to the BB Cream but with color correcting properties. This helps with balancing out uneven skin tone, redness, acne scars or a dull complexion. Again, if the coverage is enough, some are satisfied with just this as their makeup base.
I recommend:

 Choosing a foundation for your skin type

If you want to get the best from a foundation, it’s best to make sure that you’re choosing a foundation for your skin type.

• Oily skin: a foundation that is oil-free and boasts of a matte finish is for you. If you really want a dewy finish then be careful that your foundation doesn’t start to cake.

• Dry skin: an oil based foundation that boasts moisturizing properties is more suited. Remember to shake the foundation a little beforehand in case the oil separates itself from any other ingredients!
TIP: If your skin is very dry and your makeup starts to suffer, a facial mist can help hydrate and prevent makeup from getting flaky. Just spray it lightly directly onto your face and touch up makeup if needed. I’ve heard this trick helps a lot of folks with extremely dry skin!

 Acne prone skin: an oil-free foundation with good coverage is a good choice. Whether you want a dewy or matte finish is completely up to you!

• Combination skin: a foundation that moisturizes and also has oil control is ideal. If you want a dewy complexion that’s absolutely fine, just take care to know how much excess sebum your skin makes. I’d personally recommend a semi-matte finish if you’re a 50/50 type to make the most of both dry and oily areas.

• Mature skin: a light foundation that moisturizes and doesn’t settle into fine lines and wrinkles is a better option.

Shopping around and reading reviews can really help you reach a decision and figure out what a foundation can do for you.

Choosing a foundation for your skin tone

There are, roughly speaking, 3 skin undertones that we fit into:
• Warm: also known as the yellow undertone
• Cool: also known as the pink undertone
• Neutral: a skin undertone somewhere in between warm and cool

It can be tricky to figure out which one you are. I, for example, figured it out when I noticed how yellow undertoned foundation made me look really beige in the face, and I mean unnaturally yellow beige. I’m cool or pink undertoned. If you’re warm or yellow undertoned and feel that your foundation makes you look grey, you could be using a foundation meant for pink or cool undertoned people.

Helpful supporting products


Primer is a favorite product among people with large pores or uneven skin texture because it smoothes the skin out and gives an air-brushed finish. 


This adds extra coverage for blemishes, scars, panda eyes or anything else that is still visible even with foundation.

 Setting Powder

This helps set the foundation, prolonging how long it stays and lasts. Setting powder is especially popular with people with oily skin (like me!).

And that’s all!
I hope this post was helpful and you’ve learnt something new from it!

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